Employed persons are all persons who during the reference week worked at least one hour for pay or profit, or were temporarily absent from such work.
Unemployed persons are defined as those who are without work, who are available for work and have taken active steps to find work in the last four weeks.
Employment rates are computed as the ratio between employees and working age population (15 - and 64 years old).
The unemployment rate is defined as the ratio between unemployed persons and labour force, where the latter is composed of unemployed and employed persons.
The job gaps in a region are estimated as the increase in employment required in 2012 to restore the ratio of employment and working age population to the 2007 value. The country’s employment is computed as sum of regional values.
Regions in OECD Member Countries have been classified according to two territorial levels (TL). The higher level (Territorial Level 2) consists of about 363 larger regions while the lower level (Territorial Level 3) is composed of 1 802 smaller regions. This classification - which, for European countries, is largely consistent with the Eurostat classification - facilitates greater comparability of regions at the same territorial level. The differences with the Eurostat NUTS classification concern Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands where the NUTS 2 level correspond to the OECD TL3 and Germany where the NUTS1 corresponds to the OECD TL2 and the OECD TL3 corresponds to 97 spatial planning regions (Groups of Kreise). For the United Kingdom the Eurostat NUTS1 corresponds to the OECD TL2.
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