The labour force is the sum of the numbers of persons (from 15 years old and over) employed and unemployed.
The participation rate is the ratio between the labour force and the working age population (15 - and 64 years old). Thus, the female (male) participation rate is the ratio between the female (male) labour force and the female (male) working age population.
Employed persons are all persons who, during the reference week, worked at least one hour for pay or profit or were temporarily absent from such work. Family workers are included.
Female employment rate
The female employment rate is calculated as the ratio between female employment and female working-age population (aged 15-64 years).
Regions in OECD Member Countries have been classified according to two territorial levels (TL). The higher level (Territorial Level 2) consists of about 363 larger regions while the lower level (Territorial Level 3) is composed of 1 802 smaller regions. This classification - which, for European countries, is largely consistent with the Eurostat classification - facilitates greater comparability of regions at the same territorial level. The differences with the Eurostat NUTS classification concern Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands where the NUTS 2 level correspond to the OECD TL3 and Germany where the NUTS1 corresponds to the OECD TL2 and the OECD TL3 corresponds to 97 spatial planning regions (Groups of Kreise). For the United Kingdom the Eurostat NUTS1 corresponds to the OECD TL2. OECD functional urban areas are defined as densely populated municipalities (urban cores) and adjacent municipalities with high levels of commuting towards the densely populated urban cores (hinterland). Functional urban areas can extend across administrative boundaries, reflecting the economic geography of where people actually live and work. A minimum threshold for the population size of the functional urban areas is set at 50 000. Metropolitan areas are here defined as functional urban areas with a population above 500 000 people. There are 275 metropolitan areas in the 29 OECD countries examined; of these, 77 have a population greater than 1.5 million.
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